A publication of Sacred Heart University
Being Church
It Is Time to Repent of Racism and Act Against It

The Virus and Our Response

For many people, this time of the COVID-19 pandemic has brought to mind Albert Camus’s novel The Plague, the story of a North African port city quarantined during an outbreak of bubonic plague. Camus’s subject is not really the plague itself but the response it evokes, and what it reveals about a range of people, some of whom (not generally religious people) emerge as heroes.

For Camus, the plague was a metaphor for its moral counterpart. Among other things, he had in mind the response of French citizens—whether collaborators or resisters—to the German Occupation. But even the Occupation was, in turn, an instance of the eternal problem of evil. One of Camus’s complaints against Christians was his suspicion that their belief in eternal life rendered them passive in the face of injustice and the suffering of the innocent.

To bring “the plague” back to our own situation, on one level, the present administration’s response to the virus has been consistent with a pattern of incompetence, spin and lies, denial of reality, self-congratulation, partisan boosterism, scapegoating of foreigners, blaming the messengers and truth-tellers. But as with Camus’s novel, the virus is also a metaphor for a spreading moral contamination. During his campaign, Trump made no effort to disguise his cruelty, divisiveness and authoritarian tendencies; on the contrary, he ran on this persona. What has been surprising is how quickly his particular brand has infected large portions of the country—an entire political party, three branches of government, various agencies, portions of the media and broad swathes of the religious community. Political rivals who once called the Leader a conman and pathological liar eventually caught the virus: pledging their loyalty, repeating his lies, attacking his enemies, laughing at his “jokes,” saluting his assaults on the law, the Constitution and basic decency.

Has the leadership of the Catholic Church in America also caught the virus? For many decades, American bishops signed on to the message that abortion is the preeminent political issue—trumping all others. This made it easy for the Republican Party to lay claim to the “Catholic vote” by touting itself as the “pro-life” party, even while espousing policies that denied key tenets of Catholic social teaching. Even Trump, the avatar of hedonistic indifference to any virtue apart from “winning,” found it easy to claim this “pro-life” mantle.

Where has this brought us? On a recent conference call with 600 Catholic bishops and other “leaders,” Trump called himself “the best president in the history of the Catholic Church.” He said his support for the pro-life cause has “been at a level that no other president has seen before.” The agenda of the meeting was ostensibly support for Catholic schools, but Trump made a naked pitch for support in his reelection, warning that victory for the other side would be disastrous for Catholics. For his part, Cardinal Dolan called the president a friend and joked that he talked with him more than he does with his own mother. In a later Fox News interview, the Cardinal praised Trump for his “leadership” in the pandemic and expressed particular appreciation for his sensitivity “to the feelings of the religious community.”

An editorial in America magazine defended the conduct of these bishops in seeking common ground with the president on topics of grave concern to American Catholics. The problem with this argument is that in lending support to such a man’s reelection, one doesn’t get to pick the policies that one happens to agree with, or that benefit one’s own community. You buy the whole package: the racism, the cruelty, the reckless disregard for the weak and vulnerable, the wanton assault on the environment, the disdain for any sense of global community or common good.

The true subject of The Plague is not the virus itself, but what it reveals about us. Camus’s heroes—and those of our own moment—are those who resist the plague, who cry out ceaselessly on behalf of the vulnerable, who affirm basic decency, practice solidarity, defend what is right and true, and hold out hope for a world that is safe, just and good.

In a famous talk to Dominicans after the war, Camus described what the world expects of Christians: that they “should speak out, loud and clear, and that they should voice their condemnation in such a way that never a doubt ... could rise in the heart of the simplest man. That they should get away from abstraction and confront the blood-stained face history has taken on today. The grouping we need is a grouping of men resolved to speak out clearly and to pay up personally.”

The story is not about the virus, but how we respond to it.


Robert Ellsberg is the publisher of Orbis Books and the author of many books, most recently, A Living Gospel: Reading God’s Story in Holy Lives.

Comments

Feed You can follow this conversation by subscribing to the comment feed for this post.

Rabbi Arthur Waskow

Every breath of fresh air from someone somewhere in the religious community gives me a day if being able to say, "I CAN breathe." Thanks be to the Holy Interbreathing Spirit for this brief essay by Robert Ellsberg.

Tony Stern

Robert Ellsberg’s writings all aim to awaken the holy within each of us. More & more, as in his latest book A LIVING GOSPEL, he’s managing to find precisely the right word to be effective in that aim. Here he joins with Camus in rousing the holy resolve “to speak out clearly and pay up personally.” Yes! Let’s all do that. Thank you, Mr. Ellsberg, for speaking out so clearly.

Father Donald M.  Pachuta

I certainly agree with Tony Stern. This is a landmark article following right in the footsteps of Camus.
His Camus-like metaphors with who has the virus are stellar. Of course the Roman Catholic hierarchy reek with it - something about selling your soul. The pro-life protesters are not pro life by not wearing masks and keeping 6 feet away.
I add my thanks
Father Don Pachuta

Maire O'Riordan Lundy

The self-imposed silence of the Church since March bears witness to the infection Mark Ellsberg eloquently alludes to. Apart from Archbishop Wilton Gregory, the same silence seems to be the official Church response to the crisis in race relations.

Marcia Chatelain, a panelist on Racism in Our Streets and Structures, June 5, 2020, Georgetown; commented on the Church in the United States knowing everything that needs to happen in order to stop racism but that there is no (political) will and no desire.... and that the idea that there is something new to learn is exasperating...

The challenge each individual faces ultimately is to stand for what he/she knows to be true and to be willing to pay the price again and again as often as needed - following Christ there will be a cross to carry.

Mary Ann Hinsdale

Thank you, Robert for this timely reminder from Camus - not much has changed in the three weeks since your original post. There is still little vocal resistance from the U.S. hierarchy. It took Cardinal Gomez less than 24 hours to respond to the SCOTUS decision to protect LGBT folks from discrimination and DAYS to say anything about George Floyd. Yes, the virus is spreading! We must ceaselessly cry out on behalf of the vulnerable and own up (we white folks) to our role in continuing white supremacy (not "white privilege" - which is not a true way of assessing our cooperation with evil.

Verify your Comment

Previewing your Comment

This is only a preview. Your comment has not yet been posted.

Working...
Your comment could not be posted. Error type:
Your comment has been posted. Post another comment

The letters and numbers you entered did not match the image. Please try again.

As a final step before posting your comment, enter the letters and numbers you see in the image below. This prevents automated programs from posting comments.

Having trouble reading this image? View an alternate.

Working...

Post a comment

Your Information

(Name and email address are required. Email address will not be displayed with the comment.)